Crystals project

The Crystals project is a joint research effort between the Complex Systems and Artificial Intelligence research center of the University of Milano-Bicocca (Italy) the Centre of Research Excellence in Hajj and Omrah of the Umm Al-Qura University (Makkah, Saudi Arabia) and the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology of the University of Tokyo (Japan). 

The main focus of the project is on the adoption of an agent-based pedestrian and crowd modeling approach to investigate meaningful relationships between the contributions of anthropology, cultural characteristics and existing results on the research on crowd dynamics, and how the presence of heterogeneous groups influence emergent dynamics in the context of the Hajj and Omrah. The last point is in fact an open topic in the context of pedestrian modeling and simulation approaches: the implications of particular relationships among pedestrians in a crowd are generally not considered or treated in a very simplistic way by current approaches. In the specific context of the Hajj, the yearly pilgrimage to Mecca that involves over 2 millions of people coming from over 150 countries, the presence of groups (possibly characterized by an internal structure) and the cultural differences among pedestrians represent two fundamental features of the reference scenario. Studying implications of these basic features is the main aim of the Crystal project.

The results of the above activities represent the fundamental elements for the realization of second generation of computation tools supporting the decisions and operations of organizers and crowd managers.

© 2010 University of Milano-Bicocca